© WW2 Market Garden -
After 'Operation Overlord', commonly known as 'D-
The American 12th Army Group advanced on the right flank of the British 21st Army Group. The Americans advanced from the Seine towards the Belgian-
One of the most important goals for the Allies was the capture of a big harbor. Supply lines were stretched to the limit, with the armies still receiving supplies from the beaches in Normandy, France. On 4 September British forces of the 11th Armoured Division captured the city of Antwerp, but this didn't give the Allies the harbor they needed. The harbor of Antwerp was reached by ships through the Scheldt estuary. The Germans still had a firm grip on the northern side of the Scheldt estuary and could hit any ship trying to get to the Antwerp harbor. The Canadians were tasked with clearing the Scheldt estuary.
The troops of British Second Army were having a hard time gaining ground on the Germans after the capture of Brussels and Antwerp. With VIII Corps being left behind at the Seine, only a couple of fighting units were fighting on the frontline. The 11th Armoured Division moved out from Antwerp to capture a small bridgehead over the Meuse-
Tuesday 5 September was an important day for the Dutch. Many German troops crossed the border into the country retreating towards Germany. The Dutch population was exited, they later renamed the day, calling it 'Mad Tuesday'. The Germans were retreating in large groups, utilizing every vehicle to get back to Germany. How long would it take for the Allied armies to cross the border and kick the Germans out of their beloved country. Their joy didn't last for a long time. With the Allied advance stopped by their own supply line at the border with the Netherlands, the Dutch had to wait. This gave the Germans the opportunity to regroup and form a new defensive line alongside the Meuse-
Map legend: The dark grey area is territory already captured or ‘liberated’ by the allied forces. The sector is devided in two groups, the left side is the British sector, the right side is the American sector. The red line is the frontline as it was on 11 September 1944. The orange line is the Siegfriedline, the defensive network from the Swiss border running up north towards the ‘Reichswald’ just east of Nijmegen. In beige we see the Netherlands, where ‘Operation Market Garden’ would take place.